Kidney transplantation is not a rare treatment nowadays and there are many hospitals all over the world that have all the facilities and qualified surgeons to do this procedure successfully. Kidney transplant can be defined as the transfer of a healthy kidney from one person to the body of a person who has no or little kidney function.
When kidney transplant is essential?
Usually, doctors recommend a transplant, when a person is at the end stage of a renal disease, which is a permanent condition of kidney failure. This patient requires dialysis, a process of removing waste and other substances from the blood.
Some of the reasons that may lead to ESRD are the following:
- Repeated urinary infections
- Diabetes or high blood pressure that may cause kidney failure
- Inherited disorders like Polycystic kidney disease
- Inflammation of the kidney’s filtering units called as Glomerulonephritis
- A rare disease called Hemolytic uremic syndrome that may result in kidney failure
- Diseases of the immune system like Lupus
Where does the new kidney come from?
There are two sources to get kidneys for this purpose, living donors and deceased (non-living donors). Immediate family members or sometimes spouses are called as living donors, while people who have willed their kidneys before their death by signing organ donor cards are called deceased donors. A thorough check up and detailed tests are conducted to the donors in order to ensure that kidney is suitable march.
How is the transplant done?
New kidney is surgically placed on the lower right or left side of the patient’s abdomen by connecting it to nearby blood vessels and bladder. The vein and artery of the patient is connected to the vein and artery of the new kidney. As ureter of new kidney is attached the patient’s bladder, urine is allowed to pass out of the body.
How is it transplant beneficial?
Increased stamina, strength and energy are the after effects of a successful transplant. After the surgery, the patient will be able to return to a more normal lifestyle with a normal diet and more normal fluid intake. This treatment is a solution for Anemia, a common problem with kidney failure. Those, who have high blood pressure, could be on fewer blood pressure medications after transplantation.
How to live after a transplant?
Keeping a healthy lifestyle is essential after transplantation to minimize the risk of complications. Therefore, people who have undergone this surgery are directed to follow some important things like:
- Smokers should stop smoking completely
- Eat a healthy diet
- Obese should lose weight
- Should precautions to reduce risk of developing infections
There are many kidney hospitals all over the world that conduct kidney transplant surgery for years with the help of advanced technologies and facilities under the guidance of well qualified and experienced surgeons.